The species has experienced a population decline of 50 percent or more in the past three generations. Most man-killing elephants are bulls but there are too many dangerous cows to automatically assume benignity. The recently extinct elephant-keeping traditions of Moghul emperors and Indonesian sultans, of Burmese and Sri Lankan kings, has brought the tremendous loss of sophisticated management by aristocrats. Only stories with a byline have been cited. Pride of profession was undoubtedly typical in traditional societies.
What’s in a name? Scientific names for animals in popular writing
Keeping elephants also has an ethical dimension. Urochordata , represented by tunicates; Cephalochordata , represented by lancelets; and Craniata , which includes Vertebrata. Is it incumbent on man to extend, if not management, at least a degree of succor to these troubled animals? Of the two large captive groups outside of Asia, the population in European zoos and circuses is essentially moribund with most cows too old to breed, while the North American population is far from self-sustaining at a time when both law and public opinion make it ever harder to keep elephants. The dominant individual in a group of males is generally recognised.
Olfaction is a well-developed and important sense in the elephant - probably the most important sense. Elephant urine is straw to amber in colour, clear, or turbid towards the end of urination, slightly acidic and without any unpleasant odour. In general there appears to be no set breeding season, however in an area of Sri Lanka with relatively low rainfall most mating occurs in the dry season June to September , with births then occurring in the October to January rainy season. Populations of this species in other parts of Asia have decreased considerably due to habitat loss, habitat fragmentation and poaching. The main part of the tusk is composed of ivory, a form of dentine with a unique structure.
Many elephants occur within protected reserves but these are often too small to accommodate them, leading to human-elephant conflict 3. Feelings of resentment, inferiority, and isolation dominate in modernizing Asia, and there are many reasons for such self-deprecation. Activity Patterns , Self-grooming and Navigation. The three types of keepers can be described even more succinctly from an economic perspective than a social perspective. Three distinct classes of people have hands-on impact on elephants: The cervical vertebrae are short. The Asian elephant is also much smaller.